DuMux builds and runs on Linux and Mac operating systems.
Installation on Windows is possible but it is definitely not something to try if you are a beginner. If you use Windows, we recommend the Ubuntu bash on Windows.. Alternatively, you can try to employ MinGW, Cygwin or a Linux Virtual Machine.
In order to build DuMux you need at least the following software:
- C++17 compiler (GCC 9.3 or newer, Clang 10 or newer)
- CMake (CMake 3.13 or newer)
Detailed information on supported compiler and CMake versions can be found in the DuMux handbook. The following software is recommended but optional:
- MPI (either OpenMPI, lam, or mpich)
- ParaView (to visualize the results)
- a browser (to access the GitLab instance and README files)
- python3 with numpy (to execute a number of different scripts used for installation, testing, post-processing, etc.)
1. Installation via script
We provide you with a Python script that facilitates setting up a Dune/DuMux
tree and configures all modules using CMake. Download installdumux.py and place it in a directory where you want to install Dune/DuMux
. The script will create a folder “DUMUX” in which all dependencies will be downloaded and built. Note that this installation method requires Python 3.X,
wget (for automatically downloading dependencies) and
git (for cloning the code repositories) to be installed on your system.
Run the script by typing:
Follow the instructions printed after the script has completed successfully to verify everything works as expected.
For more detailed explanation on installation and building of DuMux , please have a look below or at the handbook of the latest release.
2. Manual installation from source
DuMux depends on Dune. You can obtain the required Dune modules in form of binary packages for Debian, Ubuntu and openSUSE, see the Dune binary packages. The Dune releases can also be obtained as tarballs. Alternatively, you can use Git and download the modules (recommended and described here). To clone the Dune core modules (minimum requirement), you can run:
for module in common geometry grid localfunctions istl; do git clone -b releases/2.8 https://gitlab.dune-project.org/core/dune-$module.git done
Our Git repository (just like Dune’s) offers anonymous read access. To clone the 3.6 release version, you can type:
git clone -b releases/3.6 https://git.iws.uni-stuttgart.de/dumux-repositories/dumux.git
You can clone the master branch (developer version) by typing:
git clone https://git.iws.uni-stuttgart.de/dumux-repositories/dumux.git
After obtaining all modules (at least the Dune core modules
is built together with other Dune modules. Assuming that the Dune core modules and DuMux
are folders in the same directory
installation folder |- dune-common |- dune-geometry |- dune-grid |- dune-istl |- dune-localfunctions |- dumux
you can configure and build the module stack with the
dunecontrol helper script:
./dune-common/bin/dunecontrol --opts=dumux/cmake.opts all
This will create a separate build folder called
build-cmake individually in each module. In case you want to build the module stack in a separate build folder use
./dune-common/bin/dunecontrol --opts=dumux/cmake.opts --builddir=$(pwd)/build all
More details on the Dune build system can be found in the Dune installation notes. Dune and DuMux
rely heavily on compiler optimization. The speed difference between running a compiler-optimized versus a non-optimized DuMux
executable can easily exceed a factor of 10.
dumux/cmake.opts already enable compiler optimisations.
To use debug options use
-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug instead of
-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release in the
set(CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE Debug) to any
CMakeLists.txt containing a test that you want to compile non-optimised and with debug symbols enabled.
3. Install external dependencies via script
There are various external libraries and modules that provide additional functionality but are
not generally required to run DuMux
. A list of external libraries and modules can be found in the DuMux
contains the script
installexternal.py which allows you to install extension from your DuMux
If you run the script with the option --help
python3 dumux/bin/installexternal.py --help
it will show a list of installable packages. Dune modules can be installed by adding the name of the package. For example, running the script by typing:
python3 dumux/bin/installexternal.py alugrid
downloads the ALUGrid module
dune-alugrid in a separate folder in your installation directory. After the download
you can run following command to clean the CMake cache:
./dune-common/bin/dunecontrol bexec rm -r CMakeFiles CMakeCache.txt
Afterwards you can reconfigure and build DuMux
./dune-common/bin/dunecontrol --opts=./dumux/cmake.opts all
If you install an external library which is not a Dune module, the script will
install the library in the directory
external. If you install external libraries in an non-standard location you
must usually either set the root path of the package (e.g.
CGAL_ROOT=<path/to/folder>) or add the path to the
variable. These variables can be added in the option file
cmake.opts before running
dunecontrol. Compiler definitions are
passed to CMake with the
-D prefix, e.g.
-DCGAL_ROOT=<path/to/folder>, so variables passed via
-D at the beginning.
After you have installed an external library you should also clean the CMake cache and
reconfigure and build DuMux
as mentioned above.
Compatible versions of Dune and DuMux
Only the following Dune and DuMux versions are compatible:
|DuMux version||Dune version|
|3.5, 3.6, 3.7-git||2.8, 2.9-git**|
|3.3, 3.4||2.7, 2.8|
|3.1, 3.2||2.6*, 2.7|
|2.9, 2.10, 2.11, 2.12||2.4, 2.5, 2.6*|
|2.6, 2.7, 2.8||2.3, 2.4|
* Please use the most recent corresponding Git branches
releases/2.6 instead of the
** Compatibility with Dune
2.9-git is tested automatically only for DuMux